Tibet is a historical region covering much of the Tibetan Plateau in Central Asia. It is the traditional homeland of the Tibetan people as well as some other ethnic groups such as Monpa, Qiang, and Lhoba peoples and is now also inhabited by considerable numbers of Han Chinese and Hui people. Tibet is the highest region on Earth, with an average elevation of 4,900 metres (16,000 ft). The highest elevation in Tibet is Mount Everest, Earth’s highest mountain, rising 8,848 m (29,029 ft) above sea level.
The Tibetan Empire emerged in the 7th century, but with the fall of the empire the region soon divided into a variety of territories. The bulk of western and central Tibet was often at least nominally unified under a series of Tibetan governments in Lhasa, Shigatse, or nearby locations; these governments were at various times under Mongol and Chinese overlordship. Thus Tibet remained a suzerainty of the Mongol and later Chinese rulers in Nanjing and Beijing, with reasonable autonomy given to the Tibetan leaders. The eastern regions of Kham and Amdo often maintained a more decentralized indigenous political structure, being divided among a number of small principalities and tribal groups, while also often falling more directly under Chinese rule after the Battle of Chamdo. Most of this area was eventually incorporated into the Chinese provinces of Sichuan and Qinghai. The current borders of Tibet were generally established in the 18th century.
Trekking is an interesting walking holidays; adventurous journey to discover the diversity of nature and culture by foot on hills or High Mountain areas is called trekking where is not accessible by modern transportation. In these modern times, we have got into a hectic lifestyle where time is always scarce. We have to manage time between our professional and personal activities and hence the need for relaxing and distressing is felt. Travel has always been a best option to relax and offers a fantastic break from the daily routine. One activity which is a perfect option for all the adventure freaks is none other than trekking in Nepal.
Trekking is similar to Meditation. When you climb up to a mountain peak, it somehow calms you down. You are with yourself for that brief moment and there is no other feeling that can match that calmness and nearness to oneself.
Trekking, tourists dive into the diversity of flora and fauna. Rising up to the pass, going down, you can observe how the plant world is changing.
In order to successfully complete the entire trekking in Nepal, no special training is needed, but still you need a good physical shape and endurance.
Trekking routes can pass through a wide variety of landscapes: mountain passes, thick forest thickets, snowfields, glaciers, manic and rocky climbs and descents. In order to overcome all these ups and downs, you need not only a good physical shape, but also good shoes and a certain set of clothes.
Anyone who believes that active rest is what he needs to restore his strength, can choose a route of any complexity and direction. Everything will depend on how much a person is physically prepared, how interesting is the route and the attractions that enter it, and how far he is willing to go.